Skip to main content
Published Online:https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20140728-59Cited by:69

Abstract

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a significant injury in National Football League (NFL) quarterbacks. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) return-to-sport (RTS) rate in NFL quarterbacks following ACL reconstruction, (2) performance upon RTS, and (3) the difference in RTS and performance between players who underwent ACL reconstruction and controls. Thirteen quarterbacks (14 knees) who met inclusion criteria underwent ACL reconstruction while in the NFL. Matched controls were selected from the NFL during the same time span to compare and analyze age, body mass index (BMI), position, performance, and NFL experience. Student t tests were performed for analysis of within- and between-group variables. Bonferroni correction was used in the setting of multiple comparisons. Twelve quarterbacks (13 knees; 92%) were able to RTS in the NFL. Mean player age was 27.2±2.39 years. Mean career length in the NFL following ACL reconstruction was 4.85±2.7 years. Only 1 player needed revision ACL reconstruction. In both cases and controls, player performance was not significantly different from preinjury performance after ACL reconstruction (or index year in controls). There was also no significant performance difference between case and control quarterbacks following ACL reconstruction (or index year in controls). There is a high rate of RTS in the NFL following ACL reconstruction. In-game performance following ACL reconstruction was not significantly different from preinjury or from controls.

  • 1.DeHaven KE, Lintner DM. Athletic injuries: comparison by age, sport, and gender. Am J Sports Med. 1986; 14(3):218–224.10.1177/036354658601400307

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 2.Prodromos CC, Han Y, Rogowski J, Joyce B, Shi K. A meta-analysis of the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears as a function of gender, sport, and a knee injury-reduction regimen. Arthroscopy. 2007; 23(12):1320–1325.e6.10.1016/j.arthro.2007.07.003

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 3.Arendt EAAmerican Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Sports Medicine 3. 3rd ed. Rosemont, IL: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2004.

    Google Scholar
  • 4.Frank CB, Jackson DW. The science of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997; 79(10):1556–1576.

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 5.Shah VM, Andrews JR, Fleisig GS, McMichael CS, Lemak LJ. Return to play after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in National Football League athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2010; 38(11):2233–2239.10.1177/0363546510372798

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 6.Daly D. Another way to look at the NFL’s $9 billion in revenue. The Washington Times. February24, 2011.

    Google Scholar
  • 7.Sports Illustrated. NFL’s average salaries by position. http://www.si.com/nfl/photos/2013/01/31/nfl-average-salaries-position?eref=sircrc. Accessed November 7, 2013.

    Google Scholar
  • 8.Cheatham SA, Johnson DL. Anatomic revision ACL reconstruction. Sports Med Arthroscopy Review. 2010; 18(1):33–39.10.1097/JSA.0b013e3181c14998

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 9.Carey JL, Huffman GR, Parekh SG, Sennett BJ. Outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament injuries to running backs and wide receivers in the National Football League. Am J Sports Med. 2006; 34(12):1911–1917.10.1177/0363546506290186

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 10.McCullough KA, Phelps KD, Spindler KP, et al.Return to high school- and college-level football after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) cohort study. Am J Sports Med. 2012; 40(11):2523–2539.10.1177/0363546512456836

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 11.Bradley JP, Klimkiewicz JJ, Rytel MJ, Powell JW. Anterior cruciate ligament injuries in the National Football League: epidemiology and current treatment trends among team physicians. Arthroscopy. 2002; 18(5):502–509.10.1053/jars.2002.30649

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 12.Harris JD, Erickson BJ, Bach BR, et al.Return-to-sport and performance after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in National Basketball Association players. Sports Health. 2013; 5(6):562–568.10.1177/1941738113495788

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 13.Namdari S, Baldwin K, Anakwenze O, Park MJ, Huffman GR, Sennett BJ. Results and performance after microfracture in National Basketball Association athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2009; 37(5):943–948.10.1177/0363546508330150

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 14.Namdari S, Scott K, Milby A, Baldwin K, Lee GC. Athletic performance after ACL reconstruction in the Women’s National Basketball Association. Phys Sportsmed. 2011; 39(1):36–41.10.3810/psm.2011.02.1860

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 15.Cerynik DL, Lewullis GE, Joves BC, Palmer MP, Tom JA. Outcomes of microfracture in professional basketball players. Knee Surg. 2009; 17(9):1135–1139.10.1007/s00167-009-0765-5

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 16.Amin NH, Old AB, Tabb LP, Garg R, Toossi N, Cerynik DL. Performance outcomes after repair of complete Achilles tendon ruptures in National Basketball Association players. Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41(8):1864–1868.10.1177/0363546513490659

    Crossref MedlineGoogle Scholar
  • 17.Erickson BJ, Cvetanovich GL, Bush-Joseph C, et al.Performance and return-to-sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in male major league soccer players. Orthop J Sports Med. 2013.10.1177/2325967113497189.

    CrossrefGoogle Scholar

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. For a complete overview of all the cookies used, please see our privacy policy.

×