Refractive Outcomes Using Intraoperative Aberrometry for Highly Myopic, Highly Hyperopic, and Post-refractive Eyes
To evaluate whether intraoperative aberrometry improves the accuracy of refractive outcomes after cataract surgery in highly myopic, highly hyperopic, and post-refractive eyes.
This single-center, retrospective review compared the spherical equivalent of postoperative refraction to that predicted by the Barrett Universal II formula versus Optiwave Refractive Analysis (ORA) (Alcon Laboratories, Inc) for highly myopic and hyperopic eyes and to the Barrett True K formula versus ORA for post-refractive eyes. The number and magnitude of lens changes were analyzed and used to determine in how many cases refractive surprises were affected by ORA, with additional subanalysis of outcomes based on average keratometry values.
ORA led to a change in the lens power implanted in 48% (96 of 198) of eyes, and prevented hyperopic surprise in 27% (15 of 55) and excess myopia in 46% (19 of 41). Steeper keratometry values correlated with more frequent changes on ORA-recommended implanted intraocular lens (P = .0031). ORA led to a similar percentage of eyes falling within ±0.50, ±0.75, and ±1.00 diopters compared to the Barrett Universal II and Barrett True K formulas. In post-refractive eyes, ORA led to a similar mean absolute error when compared to the Barrett True K formula (P = .62). For highly myopic eyes with an axial length of greater than 27 mm, ORA demonstrated a trend toward lower mean absolute error when compared to the Barrett Universal II formula (P = .076).
ORA demonstrated similar refractive results to the Barrett True K formula in post-refractive eyes and to the Barrett Universal II formula in highly myopic and hyper-opic eyes and may provide additional benefit for eyes with steeper corneas or an axial length of greater than 27 mm.
[J Refract Surg. 2021;37(9):609–615.]
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